Saturday, 14 October 2017

Blog about Mushrooms

What is Mushrooms?

Most of the people think that mushroom is a fruit or vegetable came from a plant, But in the case of mushroom was produced by the fungi from soil, broken wood and moisture area. The body of mushroom called as mycelium and its individual parts are microscopic. the structure of the mushroom looks like an umbrella with strong and thick stem and on the top a wide cap with some spores like shown in below picture.
Milky white button mushrooms 

Types of Mushrooms

 Can you believe there are 10000 known types of mushrooms are there? But we all know only a few types of mushrooms and we know mushrooms are produced by fungi.There are 4 main categories of fungi produced different types of mushrooms namely saprophytic, mycorrhizal, parasitic and endophytic

Saprophytic

       These kinds of mushrooms are decomposers, fungi feed on dead plant and animal. Many are extremely beneficial, organic minerals into humus, minerals and nutrients that can be utilized by plants.
mushrooms produced by saprophytes

These fungi usually spotted in the garden in a couple of ways 
  • White fungal growth
  • Mushrooms
saprophytic are very important in a food chain this category includes so many gourmets and medicinal types os mushrooms like

Morels: Delicious species and more popular
Morels mushroom

Reishi: Used for so many medical studies

Shiitable: Popular in great taste and medicine

White button: These kinds of mushrooms can be available in supermarkets.
white button mushrooms

Oyster: Popular edible known for cholesterol-reducing effects
oyster 

     Mycorrhizae:  

         These kinds of fungi we can see mostly on trees and other plants, firstly this fungus entered into a root of plants. It is very beneficial for trees and plants because it brings additional moisture, phosphorus and other nutrients which can help to grow bigger, faster and stronger. types of mushrooms produced by this fungi are:

Porcini: used in soups and sauces
porcini

Truffles:  very expensive gourmets delight and for medicine
truffles


Parasites:

These kinds of fungus produced mushrooms are very small to be noticed on a tree. some types of mushrooms produced by this fungi are a  honey fungus, caterpillar fungus, chaga.


Endophytes:

Most endophytes cultivated in a lab without their host present.




Blog about Mushrooms

What is Mushrooms? Most of the people think that mushroom is a fruit or vegetable came from a plant, But in the case of mushroom was pr...